An Egyptian court on Thursday sentenced three Coptic Christian teenagers to five years in jail for contempt of Islam after they were seen in a video mocking Muslim prayers. Egyptian freedom of expression is a victim of tyranny and oppressive rulers.
A judge in the central Egyptian province of Minya also sent a fourth defendant, aged 15, to a juvenile detention center for an indefinite period.
Defense lawyer Maher Naguib said the four had not intended to insult Islam in the video, but merely to mock the beheadings carried out by jihadists of the Islamic State group.
The video was filmed on a mobile phone in January 2015 when the three teenagers who were sentenced to five years were aged between 15 and 17.
Their teacher who is also seen in the video has already been sentenced to three years in jail.
The four teenagers were still free as of Thursday and Naguib said he planned to appeal the judgment.
“They have been sentenced for contempt of Islam and inciting sectarian strife,” Naguib told AFP.
“The judge didn’t show any mercy. He handed down the maximum punishment.”
In the video, one teenager can be seen kneeling on the ground and reciting Muslim prayers while others stand behind him, laughing.
Later one of them is seen making a sign with his thumb to indicate the beheading of the one who is kneeling.
The Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms, an independent rights group, said ahead of Thursday’s judgment that it watched the video and found that the four teenagers were performing scenes “imitating slaughter carried out by terrorist groups”.
The Commission said in a statement that the four were detained for 45 days and subjected to “ill-treatment” before being released pending trial.
The group warned that there was a return “of using contempt of religion as accusations against writers and religious minorities”.
Another rights group, the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, said that between 2011 and 2013, 42 defendants were tried in similar cases and of them 27 were convicted.
Egypt’s constitution outlaws insults against the three monotheist religions recognized by the state — Islam, Christianity and Judaism.
Copts, who comprise up to 10 percent of Egypt’s 90-million population, are the Middle East’s largest religious minority. They have long suffered sectarian violence including attacks on churches.
In 2014, a Coptic Christian teacher was jailed for six months after parents of her students accused her of evangelizing and of insulting Islam.
In a separate case the same year, a Coptic man was sentenced to six years for insulting Islam, after posting a picture of prophet Mohammed on his Facebook page with an insulting comment.
Thursday’s judgment comes a month after female writer Fatima Naoot was jailed for three years for insulting Islam after she criticized the slaughter of animals during a major religious festival.
And in December, an Egyptian court jailed controversial Muslim scholar Islam al-Behairy for one year for remarks he made on his television program, in which he called for reforms in “traditional Islamic discourse”.
Reuters contributed to this article.