Mousavi Compares Khamenei to the Shah of Iran

Mousavi Compares Khamenei to the Shah of Iran

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A long-detained opposition leader in Iran Mir Hossein Mousavi compares Khamenei to the Shah of Iran after a bloody crackdown on those protesting government-set gasoline prices rising. Khamenei’s soldiers gunned down demonstrators just as the Shah did in an event that led to the Islamic Revolution.

The comments published by a foreign website represent some of the harshest yet attributed to Mousavi, a 77-year-old politician whose own disputed election loss in 2009 led to the widespread Green Movement protests that security forces also put down.


Mousavi’s remarks not only compare Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the toppled monarch whom Khamenei to this day refers to as a tyrant. It also suggests the opposition leader views the demonstrations that began Nov. 15 and the crackdown that followed as a potentially similar last-straw moment for Iran’s Shiite theocracy as the 1978 killings represented for the shah.

Mousavi told Kaleme, a website long associated with him:

It shows people’s frustration with the country’s situation. It has a complete resemblance to the brutal killing of people on the bloody date Sept. 8, 1978. The assassins of the year of 1978 were representatives of a non-religious regime, but the agents and shooters in November 2019 were representatives of a religious government.

There was no immediate response from Iranian officials nor state media. The Iranian government has banned showing Mousavi’s image for years.

The protests that struck some 100 cities and towns across Iran beginning Nov. 15 came after Iran raised minimum gasoline prices by 50%. The subsidy cuts, which the government said would help fund cash handouts to the poor, come as Iran’s economy suffers under crushing U.S. sanctions following President Donald Trump’s unilateral withdrawal from Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers.

Iranians immediately began demonstrating and protests quickly turned violent. The demonstrators attacked gas stations and banks. Online videos showed Iranian security forces shooting at demonstrators.


The scale of the gasoline price demonstrations remains unclear even today. Iran refuses to provide any nationwide statistics for the number of people arrested, injured or killed in the protests. Amnesty International believes the protests and the security crackdown killed at least 161 people.

The Iranian official even spirited away the dead and the injured from hospitals and morgues. In order to hide the scale of their killings.

One Iranian lawmaker said he thought that over 7,000 people had been arrested. The country’s interior minister said as many as 200,000 people took part in the demonstrations. Iran blocked access to the wider internet for a week, further shielding its response from the world’s view.

Mousavi and his wife, Zahra Rahnavard, remain under house arrest in their home down an alleyway near Khamenei’s official residence in Tehran. However, the Kaleme website occasionally publishes statements from Mousavi, who earlier served as Iran’s prime minister before the position was eliminated in 1989.

In his statement, Mousavi offered his condolences to those slain in the November crackdown and warned “this wound on the nation’s body and soul” would not heal until there are public trials of their killers.


About the U.S. tensions with Iran, Mousavi said:

The bullying and talking about how we are in the middle of a world war are not a convincing answer for the people and it would not heal the people’s wounds. It would be enough that the system just think about the consequences of the Jaleh Square assassinations.

Mousavi is not the only one to compare the November crackdown to the time of the shah, however. Days earlier, lawmaker Mohammad Golmoradi at the Iranian parliament got pulled away after he criticized Hassan Rouhani over the crackdown. Golmoradi’s area, Mahshar in Iran’s southwestern Khuzestan province, saw security forces violently put down protests, activists say.

Golmoradi reportedly asked:

What did you do that the shah didn’t?

AP contributed to this article.

Mousavi Compares Khamenei to the Shah of Iran


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