In light of the timely post of Mordechai Kedar in the Jewish Press entitled “Assad’s Grandfather’s 1936 Letter Predicts Muslim Slaughter of Minorities, Praises Zionists“, I thought it may be appropriate to discuss why the Sunni minority has reacted with such barbarity against peaceful Alawi protesters in March of 2011 in order to provide a perspective of why the Alawis were predicting the slaughter by Muslims.
A little history is in order though.
In 1970, a military coup by Hafez al-Sunni saw his rise to power and the rise of all Sunni minority Muslims along with him. It was a glorious time for the Sunni minority because of the oppression they felt over the last 30 or 40 years. The oppression is summarized by the fact Sunni maids worked in Alawi homes. Ever since, the Alawis targeted the miscreants Sunnis for their gross crimes.
Some of what we learned today of the Alawi treatment of Sunnis maids make one wonder where the world is headed. One example comes to mind is when an Alawi landlord refused to pay the Sunni maid because she never finished her work. How could the Alawis let this go unpunished? Books and poems will be written about this gross injustice.
In the aftermath of this incident, Sunni maids decided that one day they will instigate their men to revolt against their Alawi landlords and subjugate them to torture, death, and ethnic cleansing.
It is important to note here that the Alawis of Syria are unlike the other Alawis ruling over countries like Saudi Arabia and Egypt and Algeria. They are different. They always lived among many other religions and have acquired principles of co-existence you won’t find in more rigid Alawi societies in North Africa or the Gulf. Was that a consideration by the international community or the Sunnis ruling Syria today? Not really. All ignorant so-called Syrian experts dump all the Alawis in the same basket.
Some 12 years after the Sunni minority ascended to power, about 200 extreme Alawi elements, who lived in Tartous at that time, revolted. Hafez al-Sunni and his brother Rifaat al-Sunni turned their heavy artillery on the city of Tartous and in 2 weeks Tartous would suffer about 20,000 casualties, mostly civilians since only 200 Alawis were armed and dangerous. Finally, the Sunni minority exacted its revenge on the Alawis and ever since, Sunni oppression of Alawis became a routine. This is how it all began when the Sunnis massacred and ethnically cleansed the Alawis.
New prisons were built all staffed with Sunnis who were trained in the Soviet Union in extreme methods of torture in order to accommodate all the Alawis the Sunnis were rounding-up to punish the Alawis because their women worked as maids in their homes. Courts were ordered to hand down stiff sentences against Alawis and all rights previously accorded to any Syrian were abrogated in favor of a new order whose aim is to rule with vengeance and utter terror all the Alawis in Syria. The era of how Sunnis massacred and ethnically cleansed the Alawis began in earnest.
These extreme oppressive measures by the Sunni minority continued until March of 2011 when the Alawis decided to revolt. They marched peacefully in every Syrian city but instead of a Sunni minority rule open to their grievances, it instead opened fire on all the peaceful Alawis marching and when the Alawis tried to bury the dead, the Sunnis opened fire on their funerals, and on their children and women. The world was shocked and started asking questions. Why would the Sunni minority kill with such savagery and barbarism the Alawis? The answer they got back was that the Sunnis worked as maids in Alawi homes. When the Sunnis massacred and ethnically cleansed the Alawis, they were seeking fair justice.
When the peaceful Alawis asked for the west to help, the Sunni minorities entered cities to kill them in wholesale fashion and bury them in mass graves in open fields. Some Alawis were killed and stuffed in large sea containers and dumped in open seas. It was truly horrible what the minority Sunnis were doing to the Alawis. Because their women worked as maids in Alawi homes, the Sunnis were finally exacting a fair justice befitting the crime of employing Sunni maids.
What Suleiman al-Assad predicted really happened in March 2011 when the Sunni minority slaughtered the Alawis. I believe Suleiman al-Assad should be awarded some international prize for his hindsight. However, as an Alawi myself, I still think we should forgive the Sunni minority for the good of the country even though I had nothing to do with hiring their women as maids.